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Cushing’s' Battery original History
4* U.S. Light Artillery Battery A,
better known as Cushing’s Battery was a regular army unit that existed before the
Civil War. In the months preceding our nation's bloodiest conflict, 4"* U.S.
Battery A, was stationed in the Indian Territory. Following the bombing of Fort
Surnter on April 12, 1861, Battery A was called back to Washington, D.C. from the
It’s illustrious commander Alonzo Herford Gushing was just graduating from
West Point in June of 1861 and was assigned to the Battery. Battery A was quickly
called to fight in the first major engagement of the Civil War, First Manassas. The
Battery went on from there to fight in the Peninsula Campaign, Second Manassas, Battle
of Antietam, Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, and one of it's
most shining yet saddest moments the Battle of Gettysburg, there they lost one of its'
bravest men and its' namesake Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Alonzo H. Gushing. Where on
the 3’d-day of the Battle in defense of his Battery and guns he gave his life
for honor and his country “Fateful until Death." Cushing’s Battery then went
on to fight the rest of the war with the Army's Second Corps. The 4'h U.S.
Light Artillery is still in existence today and stationed at Fort Sill
Taylor’s' Battery original History
Taylor’s' Battery was first
organized as Co. C 12 Battalion Virginia Light Artillery in August of 1862.
Then it changed its name to Eubank's Battery after its first Captain John L
Eubanks, who resigned due to physical disability in the spring of 1863. It was then
that Lieutenant Osmond B. Taylor was appointed Captain and the battery took his name.
More than 40% of the men from the battery came from Berkeley, Orange and Goochland
Counties in Virginia and what is now West Virginia. The battery fought gallantly in
the battles of Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville,
Gettysburg, Knoxville Campaign, Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Cold Harbor and
The Battle for Richmond. The battery was surrendered by LT John H Waddel at Harper's
Farm in Amelia County Virginia on April 6, 1865 after Capt. O. B. Taylor refused to
surrender to Gen. George A. Ouster's Cavalry force and was shot dead.